Also known as a glycolic acid facial, this type of skin care treatment involves the application of a skin-friendly acid onto the face. The acid is usually in compounded or diluted form and is designed to provide a deep cleanse and restore the skin. The acid used also works better than over-the-counter facial scrubs and ordinary soap as the latter only focuses on the top layer of skin. Glycolic acid can penetrates multiple layers of the face’s skin and clean in a way that the positive effects will be more immediate, profound and last longer.
After the treatment, the person will often end up with skin that is softer to the touch as well as the appearance of fewer wrinkles and lines. This treatment can be harsh for people with sensitive skin and it should not be done for more than once a month. Ideally, the treatment should be performed by trained professionals as home applications are not recommended for safety reasons.
A general understanding of glycolic acid
Glycolic acid is a type of chemical element that can be found in sugar canes and can be created synthetically in labs. Its chemical formula is C2H4O3 and is sometimes referred to as hydroxyacetic acid on some product packaging and labels. In the food industry, it can be used as a preservative or a sealant in upholstery and textile industries. In the skin care industry, it is mostly used as an exfoliant to clean and polish the skin from the inside out.
Effects it has on the face
Glycolic acid works by buffing or peeling away the topmost layer of skin – it will also work on any skin anywhere on the body! However, the focus will be on the face as this is where many people encounter the most problems with dirt or oil build-up. The great thing about this acid is that anyone can benefit from it. Individuals who are transitioning into middle age; have skin tone issues or moderate sun damage may see the most profound effects. When glycolic treatment is properly combined with a bleaching agent, the facial treatment can even remove some spots and blotchiness that are related to age.
Why it is effective
When peeling occurs, dead tissue will be removed. New, fresh skin will naturally form and make the individual’s face appear tighter and younger. The acid is usually combined with a cream or milder scrub to help it adhere better. The goal is to allow the younger skin to rise from below to the top while the acid penetrates beneath the skin. That’s when the older skin on the surface starts to peel away.
The person who’s opting for the treatment should not usually use exfoliating creams, scrubs or masks on their face. It is also pertinent that they avoid facial waxing, self-tanners or the use of facial care products that contain vitamin A compounds for at least the two days prior to the glycolic acid facial treatment. The said compounds can weaken the skin and cause the acid to penetrate deeper than it should. This might then cause skin irritation or even damage.
If you are a provider of this type of facial treatments, you must remind your clients to refrain from exercise and other physical activities that cause a lot of perspiration for at least a few hours. As direct sun exposure should be avoided too, it is a must to wear strong sunscreen before heading outdoors. If your client is a female, it is best that she use mild makeup for the time being. Furthermore, treatments that contain druc Retin-A® should be avoided as well – wait at least two days after the facial.
If you are interested in becoming a certified esthetician, you should undergo proper esthetics training first. With the right skills and knowledge, you will be able to transform your education into a successful career!